Ideas for Sanctifying Halloween, All Saints Day and All Souls DayJENNIFER GREGORY MILLER
Suggestions and ideas to create a Catholic atmosphere in the home (Domestic Church) for Halloween, All Saints Day and All Souls Day.
All Hallows' Eve
The Solemnity of All Saints
is celebrated on November 1. It is a holyday of obligation, and it is the day
that the Church honors all of God's saints, even those who have not been canonized
by the Church. It is a family day of celebration — we celebrate the memory of
those family members (sharing with us in the Mystical Body, the communion of saints)
now sharing eternal happiness in the presence of God. We rejoice that they have
reached their eternal goal and ask their prayers on our behalf so that we, too,
may join them in heaven and praise God through all eternity.
The honoring of all Christian martyrs of the Faith was originally
celebrated on May 13, the date established by the fourth century. Pope Boniface
IV in 615 established it as the "Feast of All Martyrs" commemorating the dedication
of the Pantheon, an ancient Roman temple, into a Christian church dedicated to
the Blessed Virgin Mary and all the martyrs. In 844, Pope Gregory IV transferred
the feast to November 1st. Some scholars believe this was to substitute a feast
for the pagan celebrations during that time of year.
741, the feast included not only martyrs, but all the saints in heaven as well,
with the title changing to "Feast of All Saints" by 840. Pope Sixtus IV in 1484
established November 1 as a holyday of obligation and gave it both a vigil (known
today as "All Hallows' Eve" or "Hallowe'en") and an eight-day period or octave
to celebrate the feast. By 1955, the octave of All Saints was removed.
Since Vatican II, some liturgical observances have been altered,
one example being "fast before the feast" is no longer required. Originally, the
days preceding great solemnities, like Christmas and All Saints Day, had a penitential
nature, requiring abstinence from meat and fasting and prayer. Although not required
by the Church, it is a good practice to prepare spiritually before great feast
In England, saints or holy people are
called "hallowed", hence the name "All Hallow's Day". The evening, or "e'en" before
the feast became popularly known as "All Hallows' Eve" or even shorter, "Hallowe'en".
Since the night before All Saints Day, "All
Hallows Eve" (now known as Hallowe'en), was the vigil and required fasting, many
recipes and traditions have come down for this evening, such as pancakes, boxty
bread and boxty pancakes, barmbrack (Irish fruit bread
with hidden charms), colcannon (combination of cabbage
and boiled potatoes). This was also known as "Nutcrack Night" in England, where
the family gathered around the hearth to enjoy cider and nuts and apples.
November 2 was the date designated to pray for all the departed
souls in Purgatory, the Feast of All Souls. The feasts of All Saints and All Souls
fall back to back to express the Christian belief of the "Communion of Saints."
The Communion of Saints is the union of all the faithful on earth (the Church
militant), the saints in Heaven (the Church Triumphant) and the Poor Souls in
Purgatory (the Church suffering), with Christ as the Head. They are bound together
by a supernatural bond, and can help one another. The Church Militant (those on
earth still engaged in the struggle to save their souls) can venerate the Church
Triumphant, and those saints can intercede with God for those still on earth.
Both the faithful on earth and the saints in heaven can pray for the souls in
Purgatory. During these two days we see the Communion of Saints really in action!
On All Souls Day and November 1-8 one can
gain plenary indulgences for the Poor Souls. See Praying
for the Dead and Gaining Indulgences for more details.
Throughout the centuries man has struggled to keep his focus
on the one true Faith and its practices. So many times, though, the pagan superstitions
creep back into practice. Although now with a holier purpose, when preparing for
the huge feast of All Saints some pagan "cult of the dead" practices seeped into
the mainstream. See excerpts from Florence
Berger's Cooking for Christ to see read more of the historic origin
of Halloween practices, particularly in the British Isles.
Focus of Party
have entered the 21st century. It is getting harder to be "in" the world but not
"of" the world. How are we to explain to our children that what is now the top
money-making "holiday" of the year after Christmas is not a truly Christian holiday?
We have an onslaught of Halloween witches, ghosts, goblins, vampires, etc. everywhere
we turn. How do we bring a message to our children to say that being a Christian
does not mean that we cannot have fun? How do we convey that that we must not
constantly be negative and condemn everything?
answer this, we must to put on the mind of the Church. All through the centuries
the Church has taken secular feasts and tried to "sanctify" or "Christianize"
them. That's one of the reasons for Christmas being around December 25 — that
was the time of the winter solstice or Saturnalia festival, with many pagan traditions
during their celebration. The feastday of All Saints itself came from the dedication
of the Pantheon, a pagan temple, into a Christian church! This is undoubtedly
another way of sanctifying the secular and pagan! Missionaries have to get to
know the culture and religion of the country before they can convert the native
people of that country. The missionaries have to be able find some elements in
their culture that can help these people identify and understand Christianity
at their level. St. Paul tried it with the Greeks. Seeing their altar to the Unknown
God, he saw that through their own pagan altar, he was going to bring them to
Instead of just suppressing
the whole celebration of Halloween and leaving a gaping hole, the Church gives
a replacement focus. The Church has the mindset of "How can this be turned into
good, with the focus on the one true God and His Church?" For example, if I have
a plot of ground that is full of weeds and yank all the weeds, I'll have lots
of empty ground. If I don't plant my vegetables and flowers soon, the weeds will
overgrow the ground again, perhaps even thicker and I'll have to reweed the whole
ground again. But having plants reduces my weeding, because there are plants taking
up some of the ground. And if the weeds are nominal, but a high yield from my
good plants, then I have counteracted enough good to outweigh the bad, even if
I don't completely take out all the weeds.
the All Saints and All Souls feasts are together, we can shift the focus of Halloween
to a focus on the Communion of Saints in action. We combine honoring the saints
in heaven, remembering our loved ones and then directing the destiny of our own
souls by prayer and actions. Through this we see the Mystical Body all in action.
The following party is just a starting point.
My family has done this type of celebration since I was six years old. We have
had both young and old, priests, religious and lay people, and even whole schools
adopt this type of party. Depending on the age of the children dictates the intensity
of the party. Besides Florence
Berger's Cooking for Christ, other ideas can be extracted from Mary
Reed Newland's The Year and Our Children.
of these presented ideas are to "counteract" some pagan practices we see around
Hallowe'en. These parties can be fun, with some elements of surprise without forgetting
the focus of why have this celebration. Although having the Poor Soul sketch is
completely optional, having a small element of "scary" makes the kids, both young
and old, not feel that they are "different." We have never had any child scarred
from the little "scare" in the cemetery. If they were a little taken aback, after
showing the true identity of the "Poor Soul" the child's initial fears are immediately
smoothed. After all, the real fear isn't the Poor Soul, but actually the thought
that we have to be thinking about our eternal soul. The Poor Soul visit just puts
the graveyard into personal perspective. Why are we here on earth? The visit is
also a reminder to be praying for the Poor Souls, since the month of the Poor
Souls starts the next day, and that could be us when we die.
The Poor Soul visit is a little friendly reminder, a bit like
Charles Dickens' Bob Marley when he visits Ebeneezer Scrooge in A Christmas
Carol. We have the same verbal reminder on Ash Wednesday, when we are told
that we shall return to dust, and to remember the purpose of our life on this
There are some in the school of thought
that Halloween is nothing but a pagan celebration and should be suppressed, that
we as Christians we should not even acknowledge this day because we shouldn't
give it a stamp of approval. I don't have that mindset. I want to make use every
opportunity as a moment of grace, and a teaching lesson. I want to return to the
"sanctified" traditions of Hallowe'en. I can use this to honor the saints, pray
for the Poor Souls and prepare myself spiritually for two great feastdays of the
Catholic Church. ( — Jennifer Gregory Miller)
of Party [TOP]
- The costumes chosen for the party should be of saints.
Each child should prepare a short synopsis of his saint for a guessing game later
in the party. The costumes can be very simple, with just a symbol for the saint,
or very elaborate, depending on the time and the enthusiasm of the family. There
are many books on the lives of the saints, with a variety of age levels, with
many containing illustrations. Having the child do his own research to find the
saint that he wants to dress up as will help him learn about them.
festivities begin with a rosary. If said before the Vigil Mass of All Saints,
the meditation can be Eucharistic. Otherwise, it is prayed for the Poor Souls,
through the intercession of the Blessed Mother and the saints. This is the Communion
of Saints at work! The De Profundis [Psalm 130 (129)
Out of the Depths] is said or sung.
- There follows a candlelight
procession, while singing the Litany of the Saints, to the
graveyard. If one is not able to go to a real cemetery, you can create your own
"graveyard." There must be 4 tombstones or gravemarkers:
1. Departed Family;
3. Departed Clergy;
4. Forgotten Dead.
make these markers yourself out of wood or stone, to be used again every year.
We used pieces of scrap lumber, painted white, and formed crosses. We then painted
the names on the crossbar. These are just to represent the souls we need to remember
in prayer. Assure the guests that the representation of graves is not to scare,
but to remind. They are just symbols.
At each tombstone lay red berries
and an evergreen branch to symbolize the passion of Christ which wrought eternal
life for us. Then prayers for each group are said after the berries and evergreen
are placed. There may be a "Poor Soul" from Purgatory present
for a surprise visit and fearful reminder of the loss of sanctifying grace.
games, i.e. guessing the names of the saints of some of the children, and/or a
play, preferably with feast day significance. For older children, a scavenger
hunt could be organized, with different groups going around the neighborhood searching
for items on the list, instead of "Trick or Treating." If the setting is appropriate,
a bonfire, or even just a fireplace could provide the right setting for a sing-along
and/or marshmallow roast.
- Refreshments can include traditional
recipes such as soul cakes, colcannon, barmbrack (see Recipes),
donuts, popcorn, cider, nuts, apples or some kind of apple cake or bread. Remind
the children to pray for the dead as a return for the snacks. Some food may be
left in the graveyard and adds an interesting touch when the children get ready
to leave and the food is gone. Traditionally the Church has regarded this night
as a fast day, fasting before the big feast day of All Saints. The tone should
be a more subdued, with some penitential flavor in mind. The refreshments should
not be overwhelming.
- At the conclusion of the night, sing or
recite the Dies Irae in English or Latin, then the
children get a bag of candy to take home. On the bag should be some reminder that
the treats of this world are passing a reminder to the child whenever he
partakes of his candy. Each bag and admonition can be individualized for each
child. For example: "Take care to store your 'treats' in heaven." "These earthly
treats will pass away. Be mindful to store your treasure in heaven." (Some children
may need reminders to share, etc.) The candy is saved for All Saints Day, when
the Church rejoices with all the saints in celebration. The bags can be distributed
with an element of the scary so as to end in excitement.
order may be changed in the schedule. But it is important that there is a penitential
note to the party so that the real celebration is All Saints Day. If the party
is at home, a sign to remind all to pray for the dead, as well as red berries
and evergreen should decorate the inside and outside. Jack-o-lanterns are appropriate
also. The adults should take part fully too, either in saints' garb or by being
the Damned Departed for a touch of scare. A room for "Hell" can be created. A
sign "Abandon Hope All Ye Who Enter Here" is above the door. A sheet covers the
doorway and a silhouette of Satan stands with a light behind it, creating a life
size demon. Eerie music or noises can be played in the background. This reminds
the children of the ever present reality of Hell.
On All Saints Day, you can
celebrate after Mass by wearing the costumes again, as well as a special dinner
and dessert. Games may be played also. The Litany of the
Saints should be prayed after the Glorious Mysteries of the rosary. There
can be a discussion of the beatitudes or some other applicable theme.
All Souls Day should also
be sober, reminding the children to make sacrifices for the dead. At least one
Mass should be attended and the Sorrowful Mysteries of the Rosary prayed. A visit
to the graveyard can gain a plenary indulgence as well as teach a vivid and interesting
There are plenary indulgences, applicable
only to the souls in Purgatory, that can be obtained during this time. One plenary
indulgence can be obtained by devoutly visiting a cemetery and praying for the
departed between November 1 and November 8. For more details see Praying
for the Dead and Gaining Indulgences.
plenary indulgence is also granted when the faithful piously visit a church or
a public oratory on November 2. In visiting the church or oratory, it is required,
that one Our Father and the Creed be recited.
To attain the
plenary indulgence, three conditions must accompany the act of visiting the cemetery
or church: the faithful must receive the sacrament of confession, either eight
days before or after, receive Holy Communion on that day, and recite prayers for
the intention of the Holy Father (one Our Father and one Hail Mary is the minimum,
but any other additional prayers may be added).
Time Schedule for a Halloween Party
6:30: Sorrowful Mysteries
of the Rosary for the souls in purgatory through the intercession of the Blessed
Virgin Mary and the Saints. In between decades recite the Eternal
Rest invocation. Conclude with the De Profundis
[Psalm 130 (129) Out of the Depths]:
of the depths have I cried unto Thee, O Lord:
Lord, hear my voice.
let Thine ears consider well: the voice of my supplication.
If Thou, O Lord,
wilt mark iniquities:
Lord, who shall
For with Thee there is merciful forgiveness:
because of Thy law I have waited for Thee, O Lord.
My soul hath waited on
His word: my soul hath hoped in the Lord.
From the morning watch even until
let Israel hope in the Lord.
For with the Lord there is mercy:
and with Him is plenteous redemption.
And He shall redeem Israel: from all
Glory be to the Father, etc.
7:00: Procession to the graveyard chanting
the Litany of the Saints. (Suggestion: Since it
is hard to read in the dark, have someone record beforeahand the singing of the
Litany, so the tape player can be used during the procession).
Have mercy on us;
Deliver us, O Lord;
We beseech Thee hear our prayer.
7:15: Prayers at the graveyard for deceased
family, friends, clergy, and forgotten dead. Berries and evergreen are left on
each grave to symbolize that it is Christ's Passion and Death which brings us
home singing (or playing as background music) Dies Irae.
7:45: Refreshments. Tableau
of the Communion of Saints. Games such as "Who Am I?"
Children receive bagged candy and depart.
Eternal rest grant unto them O Lord, and let perpetual light
shine upon them. May their souls and all the souls of the faithful departed rest
in peace. Amen.
Suggested Script for
the Poor Soul in Purgatory:
"poor soul(s)" dresses in long dark robes and paints face gruesomely to look dead
and under torture. The "soul(s)" hides in the graveyard and waits until all the
prayers are recited for the dead. The leader may give a cue such as "Remember
to pray for the Poor Souls in Purgatory. They suffer so. Are there any poor souls
out there now to hear us?..."
The "Poor Soul(s)"
then rattles chains and moans while still shrouded in darkness. She comes out
slowly, painfully, speaking mournfully: (Put flashlight under face when speaking)
Children of God, (This may need
to be repeated several times until all are paying attention.)
Children of God, and members of His Holy Church. We (I) have
come from Purgatory to beg your prayers, and to urge you to amend your lives.
While I lived on earth, I was forgetful of
my true home in heaven. My sins were not so grave as to condemn me to Hell, but
neither did I strive to love God with my whole heart and soul, mind and will.
I am now bound to suffer....(Trail off in a moan) Oh, the sufferings I endure
now in order to purify my love and make up for my sins.
Brothers and Sisters in the Mystical Body, begin today to change your ways. Be
obedient to your parents and to the Church. Pray! Pray much!! Especially assist
at Holy Mass and receive the sacraments often. Pray the Rosary and wear the Scapular.
You must make up for your sins and the sins of others now, before you die, by
making sacrifices and offering up your daily duty. Remember, it is in the Cross
that we most resemble Jesus, our Savior. And finally, love His Vicar on earth,
Pope John Paul II, and His Blessed Mother Mary, who is our Mother, too.
I must leave you now to return to my temporary prison of suffering.
How I long for Heaven" (Here moan a little.) Then shout: "Pray for me! Pray for
all the faithful departed! REPENT NOW!!!!" (Trail off)
Turn flashlight off and hide in darkness again.
If this idea is
very new, make sure all that are invited know the full extent of the program.
The following is a suggested format.
Are Invited to An All Hallows Eve Party
HOME OF: Name, Address
6:00 PM until about 8:00 PM, Refreshments will be served.
The garb of a favorite saint (or your own
Patron Saint). Moms and Dads join in!
IS NOT YOUR ORDINARY HALLOWEEN PARTY!!!!!!!!!!!!
It is definitely fun, but it is definitely different! I am enclosing
a rough schedule of the party to help you decide if you wish to join us. We hope
The festivities begin with recitation of the Rosary. The Sorrowful Mysteries are
prayed for the souls in Purgatory, through the intercession of the Blessed Virgin
Mary and the Saints. (This is the Communion of Saints at work.)
6:20: Procession to our
"graveyard" chanting Litany of the Saints.
Prayers at the "graveyard" for "Family," "Friends," "Clergy," and the "Forgotten
Dead." Berries and evergreen are left at each grave to symbolize that it is Christ's
Passion and Death which brings Eternal Life.
Dinner and refreshments.
Distribution of bagged candy to children before departure.
* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *
Each family will be responsible
for their own children's candy. We "brown bag" ours for each child and write the
child's name on the bag with a short admonition, i.e., "These earthly treats will
pass away. Be mindful to store your treasure in heaven." (Some of my children
may get reminders to share, etc.) Each bag and admonition are individualized —
a future reminder to the child whenever he partakes of the candy!
While we do provide a good time for the children, as Christians
we reserve the big celebration for the holyday, All Hallow's Day, November 1st,
maintaining a little of the penitential (fast-before-the-feast) character for
All Hallows Eve.
R.S.V.P. Phone #
I am the apostle to the Gentiles whose letters you read in the Bible.
2. I am the first American citizen to be canonized whose work
among the immigrants gave me the title of 'Patron of All Immigrants.'
3. I am the Carmelite saint whose "Little Way" shows us how
offering joys and sorrows daily can make us a great saint.
4. I am the foster father of Christ and the patron of a happy
5. I am the cousin of Jesus who prepared
the way for the Lord.
6. I am the woman who
offered my veil to wipe Jesus' face when He was carrying His cross.
7. I am the apostle chosen by Christ to be head of His Church.
8. I am the missionary who made Ireland famous
for its piety and learning.
9. I am the beloved
apostle and the writer of the fourth gospel.
I am the cousin of the Blessed Virgin Mary whose baby was Presanctified.
11. I am the patron saint of music because I sang the praises
of God while I was cruelly put to death.
I am the modern day saint who chose martyrdom rather than to be impure.
13. I am the mother of the Blessed Virgin Mary and the grandmother
14. I am the valiant young girl
who led France to victory over England and then suffered death by being burned
at the stake.
15. I am the 'Little Poverino'
whose order is now the largest in the world and who so resembled Christ in my
life that I was privileged to bear His sacred wounds in my own body.
16. I am the 'Wonder Worker' of Padua and a Doctor of the Church.
17. I am the Patron saint of schools who
was once called the Dumb Ox by my classmates but who wrote many treatises on the
faith. My teacher was St. Albert the Great.
I am the saint who reformed the Carmelite Order and who became the first woman
Doctor of the Church.
19. I am the simple
parish priest who was tormented by the devil because my great sanctity brought
my people closer to God.
20. I am the Visitation
nun to whom Jesus appeared showing His Sacred Heart and to whom He delivered His
message of love and plea for reparation.
Peter||St. Therese of Lisieux|
Anthony||St. Joan of Arc|
the Baptist||St. John the Apostle|
Margaret Mary||St. Patrick|
Maria Goretti||St. Paul|
Teresa of Avila||St. Cecilia|
Elizabeth Ann Seton||St. John Vianney|
Joseph||St. Thomas Aquinas|
Francis Assisi||St. Veronica|
20 point bonus for those who know the century in which their saint lived.
* 5 points for each piece of information you know about your
- Requiem or "Eternal Rest" Prayer
of the Saints
- Sequence Dies Irae, Dies Illa
Réquiem ætérnam dona eis Dómine;
et lux perpétua lúceat eis. Requiéscant in pace. Amen.
rest grant unto them, O Lord; and let perpetual light shine upon them. May they
rest in peace. Amen.
130 (129) De Profundis
of the depths I cry to thee, O Lord!
Lord, hear my voice!
Let thy ears
to the voice of my supplications!
If thou, O Lord, shouldst mark iniquities,
Lord, who could
But there is forgiveness with thee,
thou mayest be feared.
I wait for the Lord,
my soul waits,
and in his word I hope;
waits for the Lord
more than watchmen for the morning,
more than watchmen for the morning.
O Israel, hope in the Lord!
For with the Lord there is steadfast
and with him is plenteous redemption.
he will redeem Israel
from all his iniquities.
Translation from Revised Standard Version, Catholic
Edition, Ignatius Press, San Francisco, CA.
Lord, have mercy.
Lord, have mercy.
P: Christ, have
Christ, have mercy.
P: Lord, have
P: Christ, hear us.
graciously hear us.
P: God, the Father
Have mercy on us.
P: God, the
Son, Redeemer of the world.
Have mercy on us.
P: God, the Holy
Have mercy on us.
P: Holy Trinity,
Have mercy on us.
P: Holy Mary, pray
for us, (After each invocation: Pray for us.)
Holy Mother of God,
Holy Virgin of virgins,
All holy angels and archangels,
All holy orders of blessed spirits,
John the Baptist,
All holy patriarchs and prophets,
All holy apostles and evangelists,
All holy disciples
of the Lord,
All holy Innocents,
SS. Fabian and Sebastian,
SS. John and Paul,
SS. Gervase and Protase,
All holy martyrs,
All holy bishops and confessors,
All holy priests and levites,
All holy monks and hermits,
St. Mary Magdalen,
All holy virgins and widows,
P: All holy
saints of God,
Intercede for us.
P: Be merciful,
All: Spare us,
P: Be merciful,
Graciously hear us, O Lord.
evil, deliver us, O Lord.* (After each invocation: Deliver
us, O Lord.)
From all sin,
From your wrath,
and unprovided death,
From the snares of the devil,
From anger, hatred,
and all ill will,
From all lewdness,
From lightning and tempest,
From the scourge of earthquakes,
From plague, famine, and war,
By the mystery of your holy incarnation,
By your coming,
By your birth,
By your baptism and holy fasting,
your cross and passion,
By your death and burial,
By your holy resurrection,
By your wondrous ascension,
By the coming of the Holy Spirit, the Advocate,
On the day of judgment,
We beg you to hear us.
That you spare us,
* (After each invocation: We beseech you hear our prayer.)
That you pardon us,
That you bring us to true penance,
That you govern
and preserve your holy Church,
That you preserve our Holy Father and all ranks
in the Church in holy religion,
That you humble the enemies of holy Church,
That you give peace and true concord to all Christian rulers,
That you give
peace and unity to the whole Christian world,
That you restore to the unity
of the Church all who have strayed from
truth, and lead all unbelievers to the light of the Gospel,
That you confirm
and preserve us in your holy service,
That you lift up our minds to heavenly
That you grant everlasting blessings to all our benefactors,
That you deliver our souls and the souls of our brethren, relatives,
benefactors from everlasting damnation,
That you give and preserve the fruits
of the earth,
That you grant eternal rest to all the faithful departed,
That you graciously hear us,
Son of God,
Lamb of God, who take away the sins of the world,
Spare us, O Lord.
P: Lamb of God,
who take away the sins of the world,
Graciously hear us, O Lord.
of God, who take away the sins of the world,
Have mercy on us.
P: Christ, hear
Christ, graciously hear us.
Christ, have mercy.
P: Lord, have
mercy. Our Father (the rest inaudibly until:)
P: And lead us not
But deliver us from evil.
Taken from The Roman Ritual, Complete
Edition, Editor Philip T. Weller, S.T.D., Copyright 1964 Philip T. Weller, The
Bruce Publishing Company
Dies Irae, Dies Illa
Hymn of the Church, in Meditation of the Day of Judgment
Dies iræ, dies illa
Teste David cum Sibýlla.
Day of wrath and doom impending,
David's word with
Heaven and earth in ashes ending!
Quantus tremor est futúrus,
Cuncta stricte discussúrus!
what ear man's bosom rendeth,
When from heaven the Judge descendeth,
whose sentence all dependeth!
mirum spargens sonum
Per sepúlcra regiónum
Coget omnes ante
Wondrous sound the trumpet
Through earth's sepulchres it ringeth,
All before the throne
Cum resúrget creatúra
Death is struck,
and nature quaking,
All creation is awaking,
To its Judge an answer making.
Liber scriptus proferétur,
In quo totum continéetur,
Unde mundus iudicétur.
Lo! the book exactly worded,
Wherein all hath been recorded;
Thence shall judgment be awarded.
ergo cum sedébit,
Quidquid latet, apparébit:
When the Judge
His seat attaineth,
And each hidden deed arraigneth,
Quid sum miser
Quem patrónem rogatúrus?
Cum vix iustus
What shall I,
frail man, be pleading?
Who for me be interceding,
When the just are mercy
Qui salvándos slavas gratis,
Salva me, fons
King of majesty
Who doest free salvation send us,
Fount of pity, then befriend
Quod sum causa tuæ viæ,
Ne me perdas illa die.
Think, kind Jesu! — my salvation
Caused Thy wondrous
Leave me not to reprobation.
me, sedísti lassu:|
Redemísti, crucem passus;
non sit cassus.
Faint and weary Thou
has sought me,
On the Cross of suffering bought me;
Shall such grace be
vainly brought me?
Donum fac remissiónis
Ante diem ratiónis
Righteous Judge! for sin's pollution
Grant Thy gift
Ere that day of retribution.
Culpa rubet vultus meus:
Supplicánti parce, Deus.
|Guilty, now I pour my moaning,|
All my shame with anguish owning;
O God, thy suppliant groaning!
Et latrónem exaudísti,
Mihi quoque spem
|Through the sinful woman shriven,|
Through the dying thief forgiven,
Thou to me a hope hast given
Preces meæ non sunt dignæ;
Sed tu bonus
Ne perénni cremer igne.
are my prayers and sighing,
Yet, good Lord, in grace complying,
me from fires undying.
oves locum præsta,
Et ab hædis me sequéstra,
in parte dextra.
With Thy sheep a
place provide me,
From the goats afar divide me,
To Thy right hand do
thou guide me.
Flammis ácribus addíctis,
Voca me cum
When the wicked are confounded,
Doomed to shame and woe unbounded,
Call me, with thy Saints surrounded.
Ora suplex et acclínis,
Cor contritum quasi cínis:
Gere curam mei finis.
Low I kneel, with heart's submission,
See, like ashes
Help me in my last condition!
Lacrymósa dies illa,
Iudicándus homo reus.
that day of tears and mourning!
From the dust of earth returning,
for judgment must prepare him:
Pie Iesu Domine,
Dona eis réquiem. Amen.
Spare, O God, in mercy spare him!
Grant them thine eternal rest. Amen.
- Soul Cakes
The following recipe
is an adaptation of an old Shropshire formula. The light fluffy buns, delicious
for any occasion, are especially appropriate for Halloween. Serve them hot, with
plenty of butter and strawberry or raspberry jam. Accompany them with mugs of
cider; or with hot chocolate, topped with marshmallows, for the young; or with
coffee or tea for those who are older.
6 cups sifted all purpose flour
1/2 cup butter
1 envelope active dry yeast
1/4 cup lukewarm water
2 cups milk
2 teaspoons salt
4 teaspoons cinnamon
1/8 teaspoon nutmeg
1 egg white,
shortening and sugar. Dissolve yeast in 1/2 cup lukewarm water to which a teaspoon
of sugar has been added. Set aside. Scald milk and add to the creamed mixture.
When cooled add yeast mixture and stir until thoroughly blended. Sift together
flour, salt, and spice, and add gradually to other ingredients, kneading into
a soft dough.
Set sponge to rise in warm place in greased covered
bowl. When doubled in bulk, shape into small round or oval buns. Brush tops with
slightly beaten egg white. Bake in moderately hot oven (400° F. for 15 minutes.
Drop temperature to 350° F. and bake until delicately browned and thoroughly
YIELD: 18-24 cakes, according to size.
Feast-Day Cakes from Many Lands by Dorothy Gladys Spicer, ©1960.
are several versions of this traditional potato dish which has nourished and comforted
Irish people for centuries. So popular is it that poems have been written and
songs have been sung in its honor. Serves 8.
2-2 1/2 lbs. "old" potatoes (e.g. Golden Wonders
or Kerr's Pinks)
1 small Savoy or spring cabbage (about 1 lb)
1 cup milk
2-3 tablespoons chopped spring onions (scallions)
2 oz or 1/2 stick of butter
salt and freshly ground pepper
|Scrub the potatoes and leave the skins on. Put them in a
saucepan of cold water, add a good pinch of salt and bring to a boil. |
When the potatoes are about half-cooked (15 minutes or so) strain
off two-thirds of the water, replace the lid on the saucepan, put on gentle heat
and allow the potatoes to steam until they are cooked.
the dark outer leaves of the cabbage, wash the rest and cut into quarters, remove
the core and cut finely across the grain. Cook in a little boiling salted water
or bacon cooking water until soft. Drain, season with salt, pepper and a little
of the butter.
When the potatoes are just cooked, put the milk
into a saucepan with the scallions and bring to a boil. Pull the skins off the
potatoes, mash quickly while they are still warm and beat in enough of the hot
milk to make a fluffy purée. (If you have a large quantity you can do this
in a food mix.
Stir in the cooked cabbage and taste for seasoning.
Colcannon may be prepared ahead up to this point and reheated later in a 350°F
oven. Put in an oven-safe dish and cover with aluminum foil before reheating so
that it doesn't get crusty on top. Serve in a hot dish with a lump of butter melting
in the center.
Adapted from The Festive
Food of Ireland by Darina Allen ©1992.
A traditional fruit
bread with hidden charms!
4 cups white flour
1/2 teaspoon ground cinnamon
teaspoon mixed spice
1/4 level teaspoon nutmeg
pinch of salt
3/4 oz. yeast (or 2 teaspoons dried yeast)
1/2 cup sugar
1/4 cups tepid milk
1 egg, beaten
1 cup sultanas
1/2 cup currants
1/4 cup chopped candied
1 silver coin
1 short piece of matchstick, each wrapped in greaseproof paper.
1 to 1 1/2 tablespoons sugar
2-3 tablespoons boiling water
Sift the flour, spices and salt into a
bowl, then rub in the butter.
Cream the yeast with 1 teaspoon
of the sugar and 2 teaspoon of the tepid milk; it should soon bubble slightly.
Pour the remaining tepid milk and the egg into the yeast mixture
and combine with the dry ingredients and the sugar. Beat well with the wooden
spoon or knead with your hand in the bowl until the batter is stiff but elastic.
Fold in the dried fruit and chopped peel, cover the bowl with
a damp cloth or plastic wrap and leave in a warm place until the dough has doubled
in size. Knead again for another 2-3 minutes and divide between two greased 1
lb. loaf tins.
Add the charms at this stage, making sure they
are well-distributed. Cover again and leave to rise in a warm place for about
30 minutes to 1 hour or until the dough comes up the top o the tin. Bake in a
preheated 350° oven for about 1 hour. Test with a skewer before taking out
of the oven.
Glaze the top with the sugar dissolved in the boiling
water. Turn out to cool on a wire rack and when cold slice into thick slices and
butter generously. Barmbrack keeps well, but even when it's stale it is very good
toasted and buttered.
or different ideas, consult the following books:
Year and Our Children, by Mary Reed Newland
and Our Children, by Mary Reed Newland
for Christ, by Florence Berger
Holyday Book, by Francis X. Weiser, S.J.
also other online articles:
Jennifer Gregory Miller. "Ideas for Sanctifying Halloween, All
Saints Day and All Souls Day." Catholicculture.org
This article reprinted with permission from Trinity Communications
and was taken from www.catholicculture.org.
Jennifer Gregory Miller is
a graduate of Franciscan University of Steubenville with a background in history
and music. Jennifer is an excellent researcher and writer who specializes in Catholic
topics, particularly the Liturgical Year. She is the concept leader and chief
coordinator of the related section of the Catholic Culture web site. She is also
now a mother of one and lives in Manassas, VA.
Copyright © 2004 Trinity
Communications 2004. All rights reserved.